White Papers

Infrastructures for Connection

Through an examination of pre-electric modes of communication, we measured how mediums of communication effect meaning-making. Seeing a lack of diversity in these mediums with the improvements of technological communication, we suggest benefits for incorporating old modes into a modern urban environment. Using New York City as a theoretical testing ground, we track the potential benefits of adapting some of these mediums: homing pigeons that enhance community gardens, and semaphores that activate the waterfront.

Special thanks to our Fellowship Advisory Panel: Betsey Olenick Dougherty, Scott Fallick, Jeff King, Nasra Nimaga, Rebecca Milne, Judy Ou, and Mark Muster including our PEople behind the scenes, Wendy Soto, Mindy No, Liz Kerkhoff, and Jess Charlap.